Cease-fire in Gaza: What we know about the Israel, Hamas agreement

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WASHINGTON — Israel and Hamas halted an 11-day military conflict on Thursday night after both sides accepted a ceasefire brokered by Egypt

The move followed growing pressure from President Joe Biden’s administration and others foreign leaders to de-escalate the conflict – which wrought far more devastation in Gaza than Israel and killed significantly more Palestinians. Hamas fired rockets indiscriminately into civilian areas in Israel while Israel pounded Gaza with airstrikes. 

Israel described the agreement as “mutual and unconditional.” Biden hailed the truce and commended Netanyahu after the Israeli leader confirmed ithe cease-fire by phone Thursday evening.

More: Israel, Hamas agree to cease-fire after hundreds killed in Gaza

Who has been killed in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?

The latest Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been the worst outbreak of violence in the Mideast since 2014.

At least 230 Palestinians have been killed, including 64 children and 38 women, since the fighting began. Another 1,620 people have been wounded, according to the Gaza Health Ministry, which does not break the numbers down into fighters and civilians.

More: ‘Every incendiary ingredient imaginable’: Here’s what sparked worst Mideast violence since 2014

In Israel, 12 people, including a 5-year-old boy, a 16-year-old girl and a soldier, have been killed.

In addition, 58,000 Palestinians have been displaced from their homes during the conflict, while 18 hospital and clinics and a health facility were destroyed, according to the World Health Organization. The central COVID-19 testing lab in Gaza City was almost completely destroyed.

Biden sees ‘genuine opportunity’ for progress toward peace

In brief remarks Thursday, Biden said the deal opened an opportunity to seek a broader peace agreement amid the parties. 

“I believe the Palestinians and Israelis equally deserve to live safely and securely and to enjoy equal measures of freedom, prosperity and democracy,” he said. “My administration will continue our quiet, relentless diplomacy toward that end. I believe we have a genuine opportunity to make progress and I’m committed to working for it.”

More: Biden tells Netanyahu he expects ‘a significant de-escalation today’ with path toward cease-fire

More: Key players in the Israel-Palestinian conflict and why peace remains elusive in Gaza

Biden extended his condolences to families of victims – Israelis and Palestinians. “These hostilities have resulted in the tragic deaths of so many civilians,” he said.

As the fighting escalated, Biden faced increasing pressure from Democrats to intervene more forcefully to stop Israel’s onslaught of airstrikes. On Wednesday, he called for a “significant de-escalation” from Netanyahu, but Israel continued its operation.

Recounting his Thursday phone call with Netanyahu – his sixth in recent days – Biden said he reiterated the U.S.’s “full support” of Israel to defend itself against Hamas. He also vowed the U.S. will help replenish Israel’s sophisticated Iron Dome missile defense system, which limited casualties in Israel. 

Biden said the U.S. took part in “intensive high-level discussions, hour-by-hour, literally” with Egypt and other intermediaries to avoid a prolonged conflict. He credited Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi for his role in brokering the deal. 

How the conflict started

The fighting began when Hamas militant groups fired rockets toward Jerusalem following days of clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli police in Jerusalem near the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, a site sacred to Jews and Muslims.

Palestinians were protesting an effort by Jewish settlers to evict Palestinian families from their homes in East Jerusalem. 

Hamas, which controls Gaza, fired thousands of rockets at civilian targets in Israel, sending Israelis scrambling to bomb shelters. The vast majority Hamas’ rockets  were intercepted by the Dome missile defense system. 

Israel responded with its own fusillade of missiles aimed at degrading Hamas’ military capability and killing its leaders. Gaza is home to approximately two million Palestinians. 

More: Gaza children bearing the brunt in Israel-Hamas conflict

More: Al-Aqsa mosque taken from prayer to violence: Divergent photos from one of Islam’s holiest sites

What’s next?

Hostilities between Israel and Palestine remain high and go back decades.

Even as a cease-fire was reached, Israel’s Defense Forces said sirens alerting Israeli residents of Hamas rocket fire were sounding in the south of the country.

Taher Nounou, a Hamas official, confirmed the deal: “The Palestinian resistance will commit itself to this deal as long as the occupation is committed,” he said.

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Biden vowed “rapid humanitarian assistance” through the United Nations to the people of Gaza, making it clear it would be made through partnership with Palestinian authorities, not Hamas.

Both sides will be on edge as the truce goes into effect, and with tensions still high, some worry it may not hold. Meanwhile, the United Nations and other relief organizations will launch a massive relief and reconstruction effort in Gaza, which bore the brunt of the casualties and infrastructural damage.

Contributing: Kim Hjelmgaard, Maureen Groppe and Associated Press. Reach Joey Garrison on Twitter @joeygarrison.